Gaceta Sanitaria Gaceta Sanitaria
Original
Drug use, family support and related factors in university students. A cross-sectional study based on the uniHcos Project data
Consumo de drogas ilegales, apoyo familiar y factores relacionados en estudiantes universitarios. Un estudio transversal basado en datos del Proyecto uniHcos
Jorge Arias-De la Torrea,b,c,, , Tania Fernández-Villac, Antonio José Molinac, Carmen Amezcua-Prietoa,d,e, Ramona Mateosf, José María Cancelag, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguezd,h, Rocío Ortíz-Moncadai,j, Juan Alguacilk, Ana Almarazl, Inés Gómez-Aceboa,m, María Morales Suárez-Varelan, Gemma Blázquez-Abelláno, Eladio Jiménez-Mejíasa,d,e, Luis Félix Valerof, Carlos Ayáng, Laura Vilorio-Marquésc, Rocío Olmedo-Requenaa,d,e, Vicente Martína,c, uniHcos Project Research Group
a The Biomedical Research Centre Network for Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Spain
b Agency for Health Quality and Assessment of Catalonia (AQuAS), Barcelona, Spain
c The Research Group in Gene – Environment and Health Interactions, University of León, León, Spain
d Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
e Biosanitary Research Institute (Ibs Granada), Granada, Spain
f Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
g Faculty of Education and Sport Science, University of Vigo, Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain
h Area of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain
i Departments of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain
j Research Group of Food and Nutrition – Research Group of Public Health, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain
k Research Center in Health and Environment (CYSMA), University of Huelva, Huelva, Spain
l Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
m IDIVAL, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain
n Area of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
o Department of Biomedical Sciences, Area of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Albacete, Spain
Corresponding author. (Jorge Arias-De la Torre jorgeariasdelatorre@gmail.com)
Abstract
Objective

To assess the prevalence of illegal drug use in college students on any previous occasion, during the previous year and the previous month, and to analyze the relationship between illegal drug use and family support and other factors.

Methods

A cross-sectional study using data from students participating in the uniHcos project (n = 3767) was conducted. The prevalence and age of onset of consumption of cannabis, non-prescription sedatives, stimulants and depressants was evaluated. Polyconsumption was also assessed. The independent variables were: family support, age, residence, and employment status. To determine the factors related to drug use multivariate logistic regression models stratified by gender were fitted.

Results

Differences between men and women in prevalence of illegal drug use except non-prescription sedatives were observed. In both genders, less family support was associated with higher consumption of all drugs, except depressants, and with polyconsumption. To be studying and looking for work was related to cannabis and stimulant use and to polyconsumption among women, but only to cannabis use among men.

Conclusions

These results support the notion that the start of university studies is a particularly relevant stage in the onset of illegal drug use and its prevention, and that consumption may be especially associated with family support.

Resumen
Objetivo

Evaluar la prevalencia del consumo de drogas ilegales en estudiantes universitarios y analizar la relación entre dicho consumo, el apoyo familiar y otros factores.

Método

Se realizó un diseño transversal basado en datos de participantes en el proyecto uniHcos (n = 3767). Se evaluaron la prevalencia y la edad de inicio del consumo de cannabis, tranquilizantes sin receta, estimulantes y depresores, y el policonsumo. Como variables independientes se consideraron el apoyo familiar, la edad, la residencia y la situación laboral. Para la determinación de los factores asociados al consumo de drogas se ajustaron modelos de regresión logística estratificados por sexo.

Resultados

Se observaron diferencias entre hombres y mujeres en la prevalencia del consumo de todas las drogas ilegales, excepto tranquilizantes sin receta. En ambos sexos, cuanto peor apoyo familiar, mayor consumo de todas las drogas, excepto depresores y policonsumo. Encontrarse estudiando y buscando trabajo se relacionó con el consumo de cannabis, estimulantes y policonsumo en las mujeres, y solo con cannabis en los hombres.

Conclusiones

Los resultados de este estudio aportan nueva evidencia a favor de que el inicio de la etapa universitaria es un momento de especial relevancia en el inicio del consumo de drogas ilegales y su prevención, pudiendo este consumo estar especialmente relacionado con el apoyo familiar.

Keywords
Drug use, University, Students, Family support
Palabras clave
Consumo de drogas, Universidad, Estudiantes, Apoyo familiar