Guidelines for Authors
GACETA SANITARIA is an Open Access journal requiring payment
by authors. After definitive acceptance of an article, its
authors will receive specific information on how to make the
payment to the SESPAS. The corresponding author will then
receive another e-mail with a link to the electronic version of the
“Publication agreement”, which should be completed by all the
manuscript's authors. Please consult the section on “Publication
Expenses” included in these instructions, as well as the following
link to obtain more information on copyright and on authors' rights
to reuse their work.
GACETA SANITARIA provides complete Open Access; all articles
can be accessed immediately and permanently to facilitate reading
and downloading. All articles are licenced under a Creative
Commons licence, which defines the permitted uses of the work.
Articles published in GACETA SANITARIA are licenced under the
CC BY-NC-ND licence, which allows others to distribute and copy
the article and its inclusion in collective works (such as an anthology)
provided the work is not used for commercial purposes, is not
altered or modified, and appropriate credit is given to the original
work and its authors.
If you wish to comply with the policy of the funding body, please
request a CC-BY licence after your manuscript has been accepted
GACETA SANITARIA (www.elsevier.es/gs) publishes originals, short
originals, reviews, field and methodological notes, editorials,
debates, letters to the editor and other works related with any
aspect of public health and health care administration. All the
manuscripts received are evaluated by the editorial board and,
where appropriate, by peer-reviewers. The manuscripts should
be elaborated following the recommendations of the International
Committee of Medical Journal Editors in its latest version (available
in http://www.icmje.org), and should be adapted to the instructions
herein provided. Lack of consideration of these instructions will
inevitably produce a delay in the editorial process and in the
possible publication of the manuscript and may also be cause for
rejection of the manuscript.
Types of articles
Original. Empirical studies performed with quantitative and
qualitative methodology related with any aspect of research in
the field of public health and health care administration: health
promotion and protection, health education, epidemiology,
biostatistics, preventive medicine, health care information systems,
occupational and environmental health, health economics, pharmacoeconomy,
health care services, community nursing, health
planning and policies, social determinants of health and inequalities
in health. The following sections should be included in the
work: Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion. Maximum
length of the total manuscript is 3000 words, and up to a maximum
of six tables or figures will be accepted (for guidelines for tables
and figures, see below). Original manuscripts should include a
structured abstract with a maximum of 250 words. A maximum of
35 references is recommended.
This type of article should include a box at the end of the document
that includes a statement on what is known on the subject
and what the study adds to the literature in order to offer the readers
a very brief outline of the content. In this box, do not literally
replicate the full content of the abstract or isolated sentences.
Avoid abbreviations. The following information has to be included:
What is known about the subject? Explain in a maximum of 300
characters the status of the scientific knowledge on the subject
approached in the study and why this study was pertinent. Be concise
What does this study add to the literature? Describe the study
contribution to the already existing knowledge in a single sentence
of no more than 200 characters. This should be brief, concise, and
clear. Add a second sentence, also with a maximum of 200 characters
showing the study implications for the practice, research,
policies or public health.
Short originals. These are manuscripts having the same characteristics
as the originals, but they can be published in a short
form. Maximum length of the text permitted is 1200 words, accepting
a maximum of two tables or figures (for the guidelines of the
tables and figures, see below). The structure of these manuscripts
should be the same as the original manuscripts (Introduction,
Methods, Results, and Discussion) with a structured abstract of
150 words and 15 references at most.
Short originals should also include a box at the end of the document
that explains what is known about the subject and what this
study adds to the literature. The guidelines indicated in the section
on original articles should be used to elaborate this box.
Reviews. Bibliometric studies, systematic reviews, meta-analysis
and metasynthesis on relevant and current subjects in public
health and health care administration, with the following sections:
Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion and Conclusions.
The text should have a maximum length of 3000 words and no
more than 6 tables or figures will be accepted (for the guidelines
of the tables and figures, see below). Reviews should include a
structured abstract of 250 words and a maximum of 100 references.
Preparation of systematic reviews and meta-analysis
should follow the guidelines indicated in the latest version of the
PRISMA declaration (http://www.prisma-statement.org/).
This type of article should include a box at the end of the document
that explains what is known about the subject and what the study
adds to the literature. To elaborate this box, follow the guidelines
indicated in the original articles section.
Field notes. The purpose of this section is to report experiences
within the professional practice in different health care and health
administration settings that contain new and relevant components
for the public health practice. Maximum text length is 1200 words.
Two tables or figures will be accepted (for the table and figure
guidelines, see below) and a maximum of 10 references. The text
does not need to be formally structured, but should follow a logical
narrative form (introduction, development of the experience, conclusions)
and include a non-structured abstract of no more than 150
words. For the preparation of the field notes, read the editorial note
published in Gac Sanit. 2007;21(3):189-90.
Methodological notes. This section includes short articles on new
analytic methods, study design or information collection techniques
applicable to public health research in health care administration.
Maximum length of the text is 1200 words. Two tables or figures will
be accepted (for the table and figure guidelines, see below) and a
maximum of 10 references. The text does not need to be formally
structured, but should follow a logical narrative form (introduction,
explanation of the method, practical application, conclusions) and
include a non-structured abstract of no more than 150 words. For
the preparation of the methodological notes, please read the editorial
note published in Gac Sanit. 2007;21(4):278-9.
Protocols. This section includes proposed research protocols preferably
in an open, competitive call whose effective period includes
the year in which authors are sending the manuscript. The maximum
text length is 1500 and a maximum of 30 references are permitted.
The structure of the text can be free. As a guideline, it is recommended
to include the following sections: Introduction, Methods,
Ethical Considerations and Discussion (with limitations). A structured
abstract (objectives and methods) of 150 words should be
included. All protocols will be sent to external review once they have
been previously assessed by editorial board committee.
Letters to the editor. In this section priority is given to the inclusion
of scientific observations and opinions on papers published recently
in GACETA SANITARIA or in other important and current health care and
health care administration issues. Maximum length permitted is 500
words. One table or figure will be accepted (for table and figure guidelines,
see further below) and a maximum of 5 references. For the
writing of letters to the editor, it is advisable to read the editorial note
published in the Gac Sanit. 2005;19(5):354-5. Authors whose work is
commented will be given the opportunity to reply to the letter.
Editorials. GACETA SANITARIA publishes editorials requested by the
editorial board. Editorials can also be published upon request by the
interested authors and after evaluation by the editorial board. All
editorials will be peer-reviewed. Editorials are generally requested
on current health care topics. They do not express the official position
of the editorial board of GACETA SANITARIA or of the Sociedad
Española de Salud Pública y Administración Sanitaria -SESPAS-
(Spanish Society for Public Health and Health Administration),
unless expressly indicated in the editorial itself. All editorials should
attempt to be impartial and discuss about new, controversial issues
and should reflect the different existing positions. Maximum length
of editorials is 1500 words with up to 30 references and no more
than one table or figure (for table and figure guidelines, see below).
For the writing of the editorials, it is recommended to read the editorial
published in Gac Sanit. 2011;25(3):182-3.
Debates. This section aims to consider current health care and public
health subjects. This type of manuscript is written on request by
the editorial board, although they can also be published after request
by the interested authors and evaluated by the editorial board.
Number of authors is limited to three. Independently of whether the
contrib ution is made by request or by own initiative of the authors,
the manuscripts will be peer-reviewed. In this type of article, it is
expected that the authors take an empirically argumentative position
in favor of or against a current subject that is of interest for the readers
of GACETA SANITARIA. Maximum length is 1500 words and up to
15 references and no more than one table or figure are allowed (for
the guidelines of the tables and figures, see below). Debates should
not include an abstract.
Book reviews. This section includes a brief and critical analysis of a
recently published public health book or report. This type of contribution
is limited to 800 words and should include: 1) Author(s), title, publishing
site, editorial, ISBN, legal deposit and number of pages; 2) abstract of contents
and general objectives proposed by the author(s); 3) main strengths
and weaknesses of the document; 4) additional information that
the author(s) want(s) to stress (on the content, access to complete
text, application for the practice, etc.). Book reviews will be made
preferentially by request of the editorial board, although some proposed
by author(s) after evaluation by the editorial board may be
Other sections. These include opinion, health care
and public health policy and special articles that do not
fit into the previous sections. The manuscripts published
in these sections may be requested by the
editorial board or spontaneously submitted by the author(s). All
the manuscripts received for these sections will be subjected to
review by the editorial board, and if appropriate, will be peerreviewed.
The length of this type of article should not exceed
1800 words and 2 tables or figures (for table and figure guidelines,
see below). They should include an abstract up to 250
words. It is not necessary to structure the abstract or the main
text into introduction, methods, results and discussion. A maximum
of 15 references is recommended.
Erratum and retraction. This section publishes corrections
after having detected errors in the papers already published or
retractions when some type of fraud has been reported. Retraction
of the manuscript will be reported to the author(s) and to the
authorities or administrator(s) of the institutions specified in the
Formal aspects of the manuscript
GACETA SANITARIA publishes papers in Spanish and English.
When the paper is in English, it should be reviewed by an
English-speaking person before being sent to the journal and
must include both an abstract in English and in Spanish. The
text should be spaced using 1.5 lines in all sections. Number
the pages in the lower part. Only use abbreviations common in
the field of public health and health care administration. Avoid
abbreviations in the title and in the abstract. In the text acronyms
and abbreviations should not be excessive. A word that does not
go over 3 times should not be in acronym. The first time that an
abbreviation appears in the text, it should be preceded by the
complete term it refers to, except in the case of measurement
units. These should be preferably expressed in International
System Units. Decimals should be separated by a comma and
thousands using a period. When the articles are in English, the
corresponding punctuation should be followed (units by a period
and thousands with a comma). We strongly recommend the use
of neutral terms and non-sexist language. Do not make an indiscriminate
use of the concepts of sex and gender because their
meaning is different.
The files for the first pages, main manuscript, what is known
and what is added (when required) and tables, will only be
accepted in editable format (Word).
Guidelines for the publication of specific designs
GACETA SANITARIA recommends using the latest version of the
STROBE guideline for the publication of observational studies
(cross-sectional, case-control and cohorts studies), available in
Spanish at Gac Sanit. 2008;22(2):144-50; CONSORT for clinical
trials; STARD for articles on diagnostic tests; QUOROM for
meta-analysis of clinical trials; and PRISMA and PRISMA-E 2012
reporting guidelines for equity-focused systematic reviews and
metaanalyses. These guidelines are available on the web page
of the EQUATOR Initiative (http://www.equator-network.org/).
First page: title, author(s) and word count
The title should adequately describe the manuscript content.
It should be written avoiding inexact and ambiguous
expressions, and should be brief, clear and as informative
as possible. Avoid the use of uncommon acronyms,
codes and symbols. Maximum length is 15 words. If only one
sex or any other specific population group (elderly, migrants...)
are included in the study, the title should include an explicit
reference to this subgroup population.
Following this, name, last name(s) (one or two, according
to the reference signature of each author) should be stated, using
the corresponding reference mark with the letters in superscript,
along with the authors’ department(s) or institution(s) adding the
city. Do not indicate authors’ academic degree or professional
category. Include a mailing address and E-mail address for correspondence.
Limit the number of authors to six. If there are more
than 6 authors, justify the need for a larger number of contributors.
Include word count in the lower right part of the first page.
Indicate separately the number of words of the abstract in Spanish
and in English, the number of words in the principal text (without
including the first page, resumen/abstract, references, tables or figures).
Second page: statement of authorship, funding, acknowledgments
and conflict of interest
Contributions of authorship. In this section, on page 2 of the manuscript,
include a paragraph that clearly specifies the contribution of
each author listed on page 1 to the work as well as in the elaboration
of the manuscript. Requirements of uniformity for the submission of
manuscripts to scientific journals establish that authorships should be
based on a substantial contribution, based on the simultaneous presence
of the three following criteria:
- The conception and design of the work, or the data collection, or the
analysis and interpretation of the data.
- The writing of the article or its critical review with important
- The approval of the final version for its publications.
- Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring
that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work
are appropriately investigated and resolved.
These criteria can be corroborated and extended in different sources
of information available in the following links:
All these conditions must be fulfilled because participation
in the search and obtention of funds, in data collection,
or statistical analysis, for example, does not justify authorship nor
does the general supervision of the manuscript. The responsible
author should assure that all those included really fulfill the authorship
criteria and that no one who fulfills them is excluded.
Examples for the writing of the contributions of authorship can be
found at the end of the principal text of the original manuscripts
published in most recent numbers of GACETA SANITARIA. Inclusion
of this information is an essential requirement for the manuscript
to be considered by the editorial board. Therefore, contributions
of authorship must be stated in every type of the previously-mentioned
In adition, the authors will be asked to write a statement of
transparency that will arise in the following terms:
The corresponding author on behalf of the other authors guarantee
the accuracy, transparency and honesty of the data and information
contained in the study, that no relevant information has been
omitted and that all discrepancies between authors have been
adequately resolved and described.
Funding. Financial and material aids that the study may have
had must also be acknowledged on the second page, indicating
the organization, agency, institution or company and the project
number, agreement or contract. If the study has not received
any external funding, state “Without funding.” This information
is required in all the previously-mentioned types of articles.
Acknowledgments. The second page should include, if pertinent,
an acknowledgement paragraph in which all those who
do not meet all the requirements of authorship, but who have
facilitated the performance of the study or manuscript, are
mentioned. It is also acceptable to mention persons or institutions
that have supported the study or manuscript, with work or
funds. GACETA SANITARIA adheres to the international guidelines
of acknowledgements of the International Committee of Medical
Journal Editors (http://www.icmje.org/). All persons mentioned
specifically in the section of acknowledgements should
know and approve their inclusion in this section.
Conflicts of interests. All the articles submitted to GACETA
SANITARIA should be accompanied by a statement of the
possible conflicts of interests of each one of the signing persons.
Conflicts of interest may be related to work, research,
financial or moral issues. The authors, on submitting the
manuscript, should indicate in writing if any of these conflicts
exist. The editors may require the authors to give more
information when they consider it to be necessary. Similarly,
if there are no conflicts of interest, they should state this
explicitly. GACETA SANITARIA adheres to the latest version
of the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical
Journal Editors, which extends the conflicts of interests to the
relatives of the authors and to the persons living with them. This
information must be included in all of the previously-mentioned
types of articles for their consideration by the editorial board.
A more detailed description on conflict of interests is available in
the ethical guidelines of the GACETA SANITARIA explained further
in the Ethical Responsibilities section of the present guidelines.
Third page: abstract and keywords
The abstract should appear on the third page of the manuscript.
On this third page, in the upper part, the title of the work
should appear again, but without the authors. Following the
abstract, include 5 to 8 keywords at most, in order to complement
the information contained in the title and to help identify
the work in the reference data bases. Use terms equivalent
to those found in the list of descriptions in health sciences
(Medical Subjects Headings, MeSH) of the Index Medicus
for the key words (available at www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
meshhome.html). Equivalence between the terms in Spanish
(Descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud, DeCS) and those
corresponding to them in English of MeSH can be consulted at
Fourth page: abstract and key words
On the fourth page of the manuscript, the complete and accurate
translation to Spanish (or to English in case of papers
written in Spanish) of the title, abstract and Keywords should
appear. Authors are responsible to assure that the article is
grammatically correct and that the spelling is also correct.
Fifth page: main document
The fifth and following pages should include the main document
of the manuscript.
Introduction. The reason for the study should be given,
summarizing its framework and background. This should
be completed with a clear explanation of the study objectives. Only
include those references strictly necessary according to the current
and important criteria in relation with the purposes of the study.
Authors should report where appropiate why sex/gender differences
may be expected.
Methods. In this section, specify setting, study design and its time
period. Specify selection criteria of participants, including the necessary
information on the procedures, measurement instruments,
variables and analysis methods used. Statistical methods that are
not common in public health research or health care administration
should be described in detail. This section should include information
enough to make it possible for other authors to replicate the study.
The Editorial Board may request the questionnaire used in the study,
if pertinent, or permission to publish it with the paper if it is finally
accepted. Exceptionally, additional information that is of special interest
can be included in form of an online Annex. When applicable, a
brief description will be made of the ethical guidelines followed by the
investigators, both in observational as well as experimental or quasiexperimental
studies. Studies in human beings must have the express
approval of the corresponding ethics committee, and this should be
stated in the manuscript (see Ethical Responsibilities further below).
It should be reported how sex/gender were taken into account in the
design of the study. Where appropriate, you should justify why the
study focuses on a specific population (only men, only women, youth,
Results. The results should be presented clearly and concisely,
with the minimum number of tables and figures necessary.
Present them in such a way as to avoid unnecessary duplications
of information in the text and in the figures or tables. The minimum
information that should be included in the results with gender perspective
if pertinent is:
- 1. Presentation of the results stratified by gender.
- 2. Analysis of subgroups of men and women that allows metaanalysis.
- 3. Analysis of interactions that make it possible to determine differences by gender.
Discussion. In this section, the new and relevant aspects of the
manuscript should be emphasized as well as the conclusions derived
from them. Avoid detailed repetition of information or data already
presented in the previous sections. Comment on the results obtained
in relation with those from other previous relevant studies and
interpret the differences and similarities. Indicate the study’s strengths
and limitations and comment on their possible implications in the
interpretation of the results. End this section with a paragraph
serving as a conclusion of the work. The conclusions must be related
with the study objectives and statements not sufficiently supported by
the available data should be avoided. When pertinent, it is strongly
recommended to mention the implications of their study for health care
policy and management.
You should discuss the results of analyzes stratified by sex where
applicable, or the limitations of not being able to carry out these
analyzes incorporating a reflection, for example, whether the results
of the study may or may not be generalized to both men and women
of the general population, as well as subjects of different ages.
References. Identify the references with Arabic numbers using
superscript and consecutively numbered according to their order
of appearance in the text, tables and figures. For papers in Spanish,
the footnotes should be positioned before the period and the
rest of the principal delimiters (comma, semi-colon and colon; for
example: “...on the contrary to the previous works6-9, the results
show...”), but after the ellipsis. When the paper is in English, the
citation should go after the sign (for example: “...radiological parameters.
9 Although...”). Personal communications and manuscripts that
have not been accepted for publication should not appear in the
references, but may be cited between parentheses in the text.
Footnotes for comments or for references are not accepted.
Only cite relevant bibliography that is pertinent for the article.
These should always appear at the end of the document. Articles
“in press” should be cited as such, and if available, the DOI
of the manuscript should be included. Furthermore, whenever
possible, the authors should update references. Abbreviations
of the journals should follow those of the US National Library of
Medicine for Medline/PubMed. When the journal is not included
in Medline/PubMed, use the complete name of the journal,
without abbreviating it. References should be verified with the
original documents. When indicating the initial and final pages
of a citation, only use the digits that differ from those of the
initial page for the final page (examples: 34-9, and not 34-39;
136-41 and not 136-141). The accuracy and veracity of the
references are extremely important and should be assured by
the authors. In the Reference section, the numbered citations
should be included according to the correlative order followed
in the manuscript. GACETA SANITARIA uses the citation style proposed
in the International Committee for Medical Journals Editors
Uniform Requirements according to the guidelines of the
US National Library of Medicine (the comprehensive list of the
citation styles for all types of documents can be consulted at
Some variations are permitted in these guidelines. GACETA SANITARIA
has chosen the following recommendations and styles for
the citation of the most common documents:
It is not necessary to include the publication date or journal
number between parenthesis, but the volume must be included.
García AM. A nuestros revisores, con amor. Gac Sanit.
and not as it appears in PubMed:
García AM. A nuestros revisores, con amor. Gac Sanit. 2003
All the authors should be included when there are three or less;
if there are more, cite the first three followed by «et al.»):
Bravo MJ, Royuela L, Barrio G, et al. Access to sterile syringes
among young drug injectors in Madrid and Barcelona and its
association with risk behaviour. Gac Sanit. 2008;22:128-32.
Sacristán JA, Dilla T, Pinto JL, et al. Evaluación económica
de medica mentos: experiencias y vías de avance. Gac Sanit.
In the following, some examples are shown according to the
type of source that is going to be cited:
1. Original article:
Mar J, Pastor R, Abásolo R. Análisis de costes de la monitorización
ambulatoria de la presión arterial en hipertensión leve.
Gac Sanit. 1999;13:384-90.
Guxens M, Nebot M, Ariza C, et al. Factors associated with the
onset of cannabis use: a systematic review of cohort studies.
Gac Sanit. 2007;21:252-60.
2. Corporative author:
EPIC Group of Spain. Relative validity and reproducibility of a
diet history questionnaire in Spain. I. Foods. Int J Epidemiol.
1997;26 (Suppl 1):91-9.
3. Authorship is not mentioned:
Preferiría dormir en la misma cama que mis sueños. Gac Sanit.
4. Journal supplement:
Palma Pérez S, Delgado Rodríguez M. Consideraciones prácticas
acerca de la detección del sesgo de publicación. Gac Sanit. 2006;20
5. Number without volume:
Jané E. Sistemas de salud y desarrollo. Quadern CAPS. 1999;(28):7-
Books and other monographs
The total number of pages of the book, followed by a «p», after the
year of publication should be stated:
Pascua M. Metodología bioestadística para médicos y oficiales sanitarios.
2ª ed. Madrid: Editorial Paz Montalvo; 1974. 622 p.
6. Personal author(s):
Regidor E, Gutiérrez-Fisac JL, Rodríguez C. Diferencias y desigualdades
en salud en España. Madrid: Ediciones Díaz de Santos;
1994. 277 p.
7. Director(s)/compiler(s) of edition as author(s):
Martínez-Navarro F, Antó JM, Castellanos PL, et al., editores. Salud
pública. Madrid: McGraw-Hill-Interamericana; 1998. 915 p.
8. Book chapter:
Porta MS, Hartzema AG. The contribution of epidemiology to
the study of drugs. In: Hartzema AG, Porta MS, Tilson HH,
editors. Pharmacoepidemiology. 2nd ed. Cincinnati: Harvey
Whitney Books Company; 1991. p. 2-17.
9. Published speeches:
Sanz-Aguado MA. La epidemiología y la estadística. En:
Sánchez-Cantalejo E, editor. Libro de Ponencias del V Encuentro
Marcelino Pascua; 16 junio 1995; Granada, España.
Granada: Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública; 1996. p. 35-44.
10. PhD theses and dissertations:
Ballester F. Contaminación atmosférica, temperatura y
mortalidad: estudio en la ciudad de Valencia [Doctorate thesis]. Alicante:
Universitat d’ Alacant; 1995.
11. Scientific or technical report:
Almazán C, Borrás JM, De la Puente ML, et al. Aproximación a
la utilización de la mamografía de cribado en dos regiones sanitarias.
Barcelona: Agència d’Avaluació de Tecnologia Mèdica,
Departament de Sanitat i Seguretat Social; 1995. Informe
técnico N.º: IN95001.
Other works published
12. Newspaper article:
Sampedro J, Salvador I. Cientos de comercios de Castilla-La Mancha
venden ilegalmente fármacos para el ganado. Madrid: El País.
19 octubre 1999; p. 37 (col. 1-4).
13. Legal documents:
Ley de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales. L. N.º 31/1995 (8 November
4. Electronic file:
EPISAME Versión Macintosh [CD-ROM]. Madrid: Escuela
Nacional de Sanidad, Universidad Nacional de Educación a
MedlinePlus®: Información de salud para usted [Internet].
Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); [consulted
on 15/11/2010]. Available at: http://medlineplus.gov/spanish/.
16. Journal article in electronic format:
Berger A, Smith R. New technologies in medicine and medical
journals. BMJ [electronic edition]. 1999 [consulted on 14/1/2000];
319. Available at: http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/319/7220/0
17. Audiovisual material:
VIH+/SIDA: elementos de prevención [videocasete]. Cornellà
de Llobregat: Aula de Formación; 1998.
In press (in this case, the author(s) should obtain the confirmation
of the future publication of the cited work). It is important to
indicate the DOI:
Ortiz-Barreda G, Vives-Cases C. Violencia contra las mujeres:
el papel del sector salud en la legislación internacional. Gac
Sanit. 2012. Doi:10.1016/j.gaceta.2011.09.027
Appendix. Online material. In some cases when justified by
the author(s) in the letter submitted to the journal, the manuscript
may be accompanied by additional material available in
online version. This material should be referenced in the manuscript
document itself, at the time when it is cited, and also just
before the reference section, as follows: «Additional material
to this article in its electronic version, available in DOI can be
consulted: …». The DOI reference will be filled out by the editorial
team once the manuscript has been accepted. The online
material will not be corrected or page designed and therefore,
it will not be submitted for review together with the PDF of the
Tables should be numbered in their order of appearance in the
text with Arabic numbers (table 1, table 2, etc.). The author(s)
should make sure the tables are cited within the text. Use a
minimum size of 10 and interlineal space of 1 or 1.5 and present
each one on a separate page. Identify them with the corresponding
number and a short, but sufficiently explanatory title
in its upper part. Do not use inner horizontal or vertical lines
or any type of automatic format (shading, etc) in the tables.
Each column of the table should have a short heading. Include
the necessary explanatory notes below the table, using small
superscript letters for footnote references positioned in alphabetical
order (a, b…). Maximum length of each table is one page.
In uncommon and justified cases their length can be greater but
they will only be published in the online version of the paper.
The tables that only appear in Annex online should be numbered
with Roman numbers (table I, table II, etc.) following the order
mentioned in the text. When this type of table is cited, indicate its
location in the online Appendix of the article (for example: table
II of the online Appendix of this article). These tables should be
sent in word format, the same as the rest of the files corresponding
to the first page and the manuscript text.
The figures should not repeat data already presented in the text
or in the tables. Figure legends should be included in the figure
caption. Identify the figures with Arabic numbers that coincide
with their order of appearance in the text. The author(s)
should make sure that the figures are cited within the text. Figure
legends or captions should contain sufficient information to
be able to interpret the data presented without needing to read the
text. For the explanatory notes in the figure caption, use footnotes
with small letters in superscript and in alphabetical order (a, b…).
If the figures or tables are not made by the authors themselves, but
obtained from an outside information source, the authors should
request permission to reproduce them and attach this permission
when submitting the manuscript. The authors are responsible for
obtaining the permissions to partially reproduce such materials
(text, tables or figures). These permissions should be requested
both from the responsible author as well as from the publisher of
The considerations related with these ethical responsibilities
developed by the editorial board of the GACETA SANITARIA
are available at the journal website and explained in an
editorial note published in Gac Sanit. 2012; 26 (2): 103-4.
The following shows the aspects that must be declared in the
Protection of persons and animals being used for research.
GACETA SANITARIA adheres to the basic principles of the Declaration
of Helsinki of the World Medical Association. The studies
submitted to GACETA SANITARIA should have been evaluated and
previously authorized by an ethics committee if they have been
carried out in persons or animals. The authors should explicitly
declare this in their manuscripts and in some cases, the
editors may require the certificates. If the authors do not fulfill this
requirement, they should adequately explain in the submission
letter of the article why they have not requested it.
Informed consent. The authors should mention in the Methods
section that the procedures used in the test or studies made in
participants in the study were performed after obtaining the corresponding
informed consent. If the type of study does not require
this consent, the authors should reasonably justify it.
Authorship. All the papers submitted to Gaceta Sanitaria undergo
scrutiny of detection of plagiarism with a specialized software. The authorship
basically supposes a significant intellectual contribution
in the article. For all the articles, the correspondence author should
specify the contributions of each signing author. GACETA SANITARIA
will especially ensure that the authorship criteria in the manuscripts
with more than six authors are fulfilled. In a manuscript with seven or
more authors, it is more difficult for the authorship criteria proposed
by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors to be fulfilled
than in one with fewer authors. In recent years, manuscripts
based on multicenter studies have been proliferating. In these
manuscripts, many of the authors listed had only participated in the
recruitment of the subjects, and therefore such authors might not
meet the internationally acknowledged authorship criteria.
Redundant or duplicated publication. In the cover letter,
the authors should inform about previous submissions or publications
of the same work, either totally or partially, that may be
considered a redundant or duplicated publication. The references
of these previous publications must be cited and included in the
new manuscript. A copy of these previous publications should also
be included together with the manuscript. The authors are responsible
for obtaining the permission to partially reproduce materials
(text, tables or figures) of other published manuscripts. These permissions
should be requested both from the responsible author and
the publisher. The work is not considered a redundant publication if
it has been previously presented at a congress.For example, if the
response to any of the following questions is affirmative, the publication
may be redundant:
- Does the submitted manuscript form a part of a larger study that has
- Has part of the manuscript been sent to another journal?
- Have the results of the manuscript been partially or totallyv
published or submitted for publication?
Ombudsperson of GACETA SANITARIA. This initiative is aimed to
strengthen the mechanisms that guarantee the transparency and
good performance of the journal. The commitment of the ombudsperson
of GACETA SANITARIA is to pay attention to, investigate if
necessary, and in every case give a response to the complaints
and claims that have not been solved through the internal organization
of the journal, including the editorial and administrative team.
Under normal circumstances, if the complainant considers that the
answer obtained through these pathways is not satisfactory, the
complainant could then appeal to the ombudsperson. However,
under special and duly justified circumstances, the claimant could
directly turn to the ombudsperson. The E-mail address to contact
the ombudsperson is firstname.lastname@example.org.
For more information on the Ombudsperson of the GACETA
SANITARIA, consult the editorial note published in Gac Sanit.
Submission of manuscripts
The authors should submit the manuscripts electronically using the
publisher’s editorial system. Those authors who are not registered,
must register previously on this same page to be able to submit the
manuscript. The authors must keep in mind that the E-mail address
used to submit the article will be the same one that will be used by
the editorial system to send mails with information on the status of
During the manuscript submission process, the publisher’s editorial
system will request information on the manuscript and on the
authors. Finally, the system will request a series of files be attached.
The following instructions refer to the submission of new manuscripts
through the website.
Information of electronic submission. The publishing system
will request the following information:
- Type of article.
- Complete title of the manuscript.
- Authors (name and last names are obligatory fields).
- Additional information: declarations of authorship, funding, conflicts
of interest and confidentiality of the data.
- Cover letter of the manuscript (it should not be included in the principal
document of the manuscript).
- Suggestions of peer-reviewers.
- Files attached:
- First and second pages (author, personal data, correspondence, number
of words, declarations of authorship, funding, acknowledgments and conflicts
- Manuscript without information of authors.
- Manuscript in English (if applicable).
- What is known? What is added?
- Tables (if they were not included in the manuscript).
- Supplementary files that will only appear in the online version.
In the first place, the editorial system requests the type of article, to choose
between those that appear from a drop down menu. Following that, the article title
is requested and may be copied and pasted from the manuscript text.
Following this, the section corresponding to the personal data
must be filled out: the authors with names and last names, institution
and E-mail address, as stated on the first page of the manuscript.
The editorial system makes it possible to add, modify or
eliminate authors using the commands “add,” “edit” and “remove,”
respectively. The name and last names of each author are obligatory
fields in this section.
For those types of articles that require an abstract, the resumen and
the abstract are introduced in the next step. These may be copied from the
manuscript and pasted into the corresponding section of the editorial system in the
same box in Spanish and English). In this section, keep in mind the world count
limit established for each article modality. Equally, the palabras clave
(MeSH terms) and the key words that are stated in the manuscript should
be copied and pasted in the corresponding section, each one separated by a semi-colon.
After, a window appears in
which the thematic classification of the manuscript is requested.
GACETA SANITARIA has elaborated a list of large areas of the
specialty, and the person who made the submission should
choose those (at least two) that he/she believes the manuscript
should be assigned to. It is very important to carefully select the
areas, since they may be used to assign the manuscript to the
reviewers.In the following window on Additional Information,
the editorial system reminds about the ethical responsibilities that
should be fulfilled by the authors, copyright transfer and conflicts
of interests. The authors should declare that the work is original
and unpublished, and that it has not been published previously
nor is it being evaluated by any other journal. The authors transfer
the copyrights of the article to the Sociedad Española de Salud
Pública y Administración Sanitaria (SESPAS). The author(s) grant
the rights of the article to the Spanish Society of Public Health and
Healthcare Administration, retaining the rights for noncommercial
use of the article (http://www.elsevier.es/sites/default/files/author_
rights_es.pdf). Those manuscripts that have not accepted the
transfer of the copyrights will not be sent for editorial review. The
authors should use the box on Conflicts of Interests to declare any
possible conflict in the terms established (see the section Ethical
Responsibilities further above). If there are no conflicts of interests,
the authors should write «Without any conflicts of interests.»
Manuscripts that do not specify this will be returned to the authors
to correct them prior to proceeding to the evaluation procedure.
In the cover letter, a paragraph should be included describing
what the principal message is, its contribution to previous knowledge,
originality and the importance of the work for public health
and the health care administration. Furthermore, if there are any
manuscripts that could be considered redundant, this should be
explained in this section, as well as any other eventuality that
may be of interest for the editor in chief of GACETA SANITARIA. This
letter should not be included in the same file as the manuscript,
but rather in the corresponding box of the editorial system.
After, suggestions are requested for the selection of peer-reviewers.
The minimum information to include in this case is the name
and last names of the reviewers.
Finally, the editorial system requests the attachment of several
documents. For all the manuscripts, at least two files must be
prepared: the first, labeled by the editorial system as First page
(it includes authors, personal data, correspondence, number of
words, declaration of authorship, funding, acknowledgements
and conflicts of interests); and the second, called Manuscript by
the system (without information of authors), corresponds to all the
manuscript without the information stated in the file “First page.”
In the original articles, short originals and reviews, a third file should
be attached, called What is known? What is added?, which should
include the information required on this aspect. Preferably, the tables
should be placed at the end of the manuscript, each one on a separate
page. The editorial system also accepts the possibility of attaching
the files separately (not recommended). The figures (charts or
photographs) should not be included in the manuscript, but rather
in separate files. The editorial system allows EPS, TIFF and PDF
formats for the figures. The files referring to the first page, principal
manuscript, what is known and what is added –when required– and
tables will only be accepted in the editable format (Word).
Finally, when applicable, Supplementary online files will be included in the
online version of the article. As previously commented, this applies to tables larger
than one page and any other material which, exceptionally and in a justified way,
are attached online.
The Editor in Chief and Assistant Editor of GACETA SANITARIA, with the help of
the editorial board, will make a preliminary evaluation of the manuscripts received.
Manuscripts that pass this initial selection are assigned to an associate editor
who makes a more detailed evaluation and decides whether to reject it at once or
to send it to external evaluators, generally three. In the editorial
note of the first number of each volume, updated information is
published on the percentage of accepted and rejected manuscripts
each year and the time from the first submission of the
manuscript to its final acceptance, together with other issues
related with the journal performance. If a review of the manuscript
is requested, the authors should send, within the period established
by the editorial board, the new version of the manuscript
with the changes made highlighted in bold or with a source color
other than that used for the rest of the document. Furthermore,
they should send a letter in which the authors respond to each one
of the comments received by the associate editor and the external
evaluators. These documents should be submitted electronically
through the editorial system of the web page of the journal.
The authors should be careful in their revision. Submission of the
revised and modified articles does not mean its acceptance, and
it also may be resent for peer-review. The final decision on the
acceptance or not of a manuscript is the result of an evaluation
process in which all the editorial staff and reviewers contribute as
well as the quality and capacity of the authors to respond to the
The review process in the GACETA SANITARIA is double blinded.
The authors do not know the identity of the external evaluators,
who, in turn, do not know the identity of the authors. However,
the editorial board does not object to allowing those evaluators
who want to sign their comments to do so. In these cases, the
manuscript evaluation will be sent to the authors together with the
identity of the person who has evaluated their manuscript.
After the final acceptance of the manuscript, Gaceta Sanitaria
reserves the right to make editorial changes of style or to introduce
modifications to facilitate its clarity or comprehension, including
modification of the title and abstract, without this resulting in
changes in its intellectual content. Once the technical process is
carried out, the authors will receive the copy proofs of the edited
manuscript, which should be reviewed and approved within
a period of 48 hours. In this publication phase, the corrections
introduced into the manuscript should be minimum. Only changes
related with synthesis and semantic understanding of the text
will be accepted. The editorial board reserves the right to accept
or not the corrections made by the authors in the copy proof. If
the authors want to make an important change (for example, in
the results, text, order of the authors), they should send a written
document to the journal justifying it and this document should
be signed by all the manuscript authors. The editorial board will
evaluate the possibility of including these changes.
Any manuscripts accepted for publication in the journal will remain
the permanent property of Gaceta Sanitaria and cannot be totally
or partially reproduced without the permission of the journal
except in the case of the examples described under the heading
of “Rights of authors publishing in Gaceta Sanitaria”.
The opinions and judgments expressed in the articles and
communications appearing in the journal are exclusively those of
the signing persons.
The editorial board of GACETA SANITARIA, SESPAS and Elsevier decline any
responsibility regarding the contents of the manuscripts published. The editorial
board of GACETA SANITARIA, SESPAS and Elsevier do not guarantee or support any
product advertised in the journal nor the statements made by the advertiser on
said product or service.
Once authors have been notified of definitive acceptance of their
manuscripts, they will receive specific information on how to make
payment to the SESPAS. The cost of original articles, review articles,
special articles, and other, similar articles is 450 euros. The cost
of brief original articles and methodological articles is 200 euros.
Field notes, letters to the editor, editorials, debates and other
complementary sections (book reviews…) will be published free of charge.
More information is available at: http://www.sespas.es/gaceta/tarifas.php